Identification by the police – obligation to carry an identity document
Right to freedom
Right to security
Principle that crimes must already be typified
Principle of the prohibition on excess
Duty to identify oneself
RULING Nº 479/94
7 of July of 1994
The judgment ruled to be unconstitutional provisions whereby, in a place not frequented by criminals, a citizen not suspected of having committed any crime could be subjected to a police identity check and, as a result, detained for up to six hours on grounds of internal security.
The judgment also looks at regulations governing identity documents and police checking of identity documents in various European countries.